Theories of authority and obedience
Published: wed, 10 jan 2018 people are social beings, who like to play by the rules, therefore social influence, social power, obedience to authority and conformity is one of the most effective ways of changing a person’s behaviour. Even if obedience to authority is an important aspect of social life and it plays a key role in maintaining social order, the concept of obedience has been studied in social psychology mainly in terms of its destructive aspects. Stage 1: punishment-obedience orientation lawrence kohlberg: physical consequences of an action determine its goodness or badness regardless of the human meaning or value of these consequences.
Stanley milgram’s obedience to authority experiments: towards an understanding of their relevance in explaining aspects of the nazi holocaust. Obedience, in human behavior, is a form of social influence it occurs when a person yields to explicit instructions or orders from an authority figure obedience is generally distinguished from compliance (behavior influenced by peers) and conformity ( behavior intended to match that of the majority. Obedience is when an individual acts according to orders, usually from an authority figure it is assumed that without the order the person would not have acted in that way.
Obedience, power, and leadership learning objectives describe and interpret the results of stanley milgram’s research on obedience to authority one of the most influential theories of power was developed by bertram raven and john french (french & raven, 1959 raven, 1992. • understand milgram’s agency theory of obedience • understand and recall additional studies of obedience • use research evidence to assess psychological theories why do people obey an authority figure milgram explained the behaviour of his participants by suggesting that people actually have two. Milgram’s studies on obedience demonstrated the remarkable extent to which the social situation and people with authority have the power to create obedience one of the most influential theories of power was developed by french and raven, who identified five different types of power—reward power, coercive power, legitimate power, referent.
In order to obey authority, the obeying person has to accept that it is legitimate (ie rightful, legal) for the command to be made of them obedience is a form of social influence where an individual acts in response to a direct order from another individual, who is usually an authority figure. Obedience is greatest with least compassion when the learner couldn't be seen by subjects closeness and legitimacy of the authority regarding obedience -when one is physically close with commands, compliance increases. = authority figure who are legitimate, immediate to the individual and who are greater in number will ensure obedience psychological law first source of influence has the most dramatic impact on people, but that the second, third, fourth, etc sources generate less and less social force.
Theories of authority and obedience
Researchers who study obedience are interested in how people react when given an order or command from someone in a position of authority in many situations, obedience is a good thing in many situations, obedience is a good thing. Social impact theory suggests many features of agency theory are true – that the strength (s) of the authority figure is an important predictor of how obedient someone will be – but there are other situational factors as well, like the numbers of people involved (n) and the immediacy (i) of the orders. Obedience to authority is ingrained in us all from the way we are brought up people tend to obey orders from other people if they recognize their authority as morally right and/or legally based this response to legitimate authority is learned in a variety of situations, for example in the family, school, and workplace.
Obedience, in human behavior, is a form of social influence in which a person yields to explicit instructions or orders from an authority figure obedience is generally distinguished from compliance, which is behavior influenced by peers, and from conformity, which is behavior intended to match that of the majority. It is also used to illustrate cognitive dissonance theory and the power of seniority/authority it can be argued that the conclusions that professor zimbardo and others have drawn from the stanford prison experiment are not valid. During the 1960s, yale university psychologist stanley milgram conducted a series of obedience experiments that led to some surprising results these results offer a compelling and disturbing look at the power of authority and obedience.
Social psychology looks at how people influence and are influenced by others how the members of a group influence an individual is an important part of social psychology research in this paper central concepts of group influence will be defined, a classical example using stanley milgram’s study. For decades the classic milgram studies have inspired psychologists to seek individual differences that impact the level of obedience to authority. Authority the two phenomena are connected (oft en conformism is a mental direction more easily inclined towards obedience) and both imply the themes of independence and.